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MODULE DESCRIPTOR
Module Title
Pharmacist Independent Prescribing
Reference PHM028 Version 4
Created September 2017 SCQF Level SCQF 11
Approved May 2011 SCQF Points 30
Amended September 2017 ECTS Points 15

Aims of Module
To prepare pharmacists to meet the standards set by the General Pharmaceutical Council for annotation to the register as independent prescriber.

Learning Outcomes for Module
On completion of this module, students are expected to be able to:
1 Demonstrate, through systematic application, professional ability in the development and maintenance of effective interpersonal communication relevant to prescribing, including an understanding of the influences on and psychology of prescribing.
2 Show evidence of professional ability in the systematic and judicious application of knowledge and understanding pathophysiology, clinical pharmacology and evidence based therapeutics for specified disorders to prescribe safely and effectively for patients taking account of their wishes and values.
3 Interpret and critically appraise a wide variety of sources of information, including medical history, physical examination, physiological monitoring to aid drug selection and monitoring for individual patients.
4 Reflect and critically evaluate on their role as a non-medical prescriber focussing on the legal, ethical, governance and professional frameworks that underpin non-medical prescribing.
5 Demonstrate a critical understanding and application of the skills, concepts and knowledge of evidence based practice in a professional/vocational context at an individual, local and national level.

Indicative Module Content
Evidence based practice, critical appraisal skills, clinical guidelines, protocols, policies, decision support systems and formularies, clinical governance, clinical audit, risk assessment, risk management, medication errors, ethics, pharmacovigilance. Inappropriate prescribing and inappropriate use of medicines. Accurate and effective communication with patients, carers, and other members of the health care team. Building and maintaining effective relationships, limitations, consultation models, concordance, compliance, shared decision making, teamworking. Patient demand versus patient need, cultural and ethical needs, external influences at individual, local and national level, awareness of own personal attitudes and influence on prescribing practice. Legal, regulatory and professional frameworks for medical and non-medical prescribing, supply and administration of medicines. Record keeping, documentation, professional responsibility, writing prescriptions. Reflective practice, awareness of own limitations, continuing professional development. Pathophysiology, natural history and progression of. Evidence based therapeutics and clinical pharmacology of drugs used to treat. Use of patient data, including physical examination, physiological, biochemical and haematological parameters. Selection of therapy, factors influencing prescribing decisions including patients characteristics and drug factors (adverse drug reactions, drug interactions), aspects of pharmacokinetics/ pharmacodynamics. Management options including non-drug treatment. Use of common diagnostic aids. Recognising and responding to common signs and symptoms indicative of clinical problems.

Module Delivery
The module is delivered in distance learning mode by self-directed learning from web based learning materials including self-assessment questions with feedback. Practical elements of this module will be delivered during a residential period and further developed through the period of learning in practice.

Indicative Student Workload Full Time Part Time
Contact Hours N/A 35
Non-Contact Hours N/A 175
Placement/Work-Based Learning Experience [Notional] Hours N/A 90
TOTAL N/A 300
Actual Placement hours for professional, statutory or regulatory body   90

ASSESSMENT PLAN
If a major/minor model is used and box is ticked, % weightings below are indicative only [for the purposes of the Key Information Set (KIS)]
Component 1
Type: Coursework Weighting: 100% Outcomes Assessed: 2, 3
Description: One case study. This TMA contributes 100% towards the final module grade.
Component 2
Type: Examination Weighting: 0% Outcomes Assessed: 1, 2, 3
Description: Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE). This will be assessed on a Pass/ Fail basis.
Component 3
Type: Coursework Weighting: 0% Outcomes Assessed: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Description: Period of Learning in Practice portfolio assessed on a Pass/Fail basis.

MODULE PERFORMANCE DESCRIPTOR
Explanatory Text
To pass this module, the student must achieve a module Grade of Grade D or better.
Module Grade Minimum Requirements to achieve Module Grade:
A When the mark (expressed as a percentage) obtained for C1 is 70% or more and C2 & C3 are passed.
B When the mark (expressed as a percentage) obtained for C1 is 60-69% and C2 & C3 are passed.
C When the mark (expressed as a percentage) obtained for C1 is 50-59% and C2 & C3 are passed.
D When the mark (expressed as a percentage) obtained for C1 is 40-49% and C2 & C3 are passed.
E When the mark (expressed as a percentage) obtained for C1 is 35-39% and C2 & C3 are passed.
F When the mark (expressed as a percentage) obtained for C1 is less than 35% AND/OR C2 AND/OR C3 are not passed.
NS Non-submission of work by published deadline or non-attendance for examination

Module Requirements
Prerequisites for Module 1. Current registration with GPhC or PSNI as a practising pharmacist and have at least two years appropriate patient orientated experience following their pre-registration year. 2. Have identified an area of clinical practice and need in which to develop their prescribing skills. 3. Have up-to-date clinical, pharmacological and pharmaceutical knowledge relevant to their intended area of prescribing practice. 4. Demonstrate how they reflect on their own performance and take responsibility for their own CPD and how they will develop their own networks for support, reflection and learning. 5. Have a Designated Medical Practitioner who has training and experience appropriate to their role. This may be demonstrated by adherence to the Department of Health Guidance (2001). The DMP must have agreed to provide supervision, support and shadowing opportunities for the student, and be familiar with the GPhC's requirements and learning outcomes for the programme.
Corequisites for module None.
Precluded Modules None.

INDICATIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY
1 BRITISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION AND ROYAL PHARMACEUTICAL SOCIETY OF GREAT BRITAIN. British National Formulary. Current edition. London: BMJ Publishing Group.
2 LONGMORE, J. Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine Current edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
3 DOUGLAS, G., NICOL, F., Robertson, C., eds. Macleod's Clinical Examination. Current edition. Edinburgh: Elsevier Churchill Livingston.
4 HASLETT, C., CHILVERS, E., BOON, N., COLLEDGE, N., HUNTER, J., eds. Davidson's Principles and Practice of Medicine. Current edition. London: Churchill Livingston.

 

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